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Hyperelastic hold-down for cross-laminated timber shear walls
Hosein Asgari (author)Thomas Tannert (thesis advisor)Hossein Kazemian (chair)Asif Iqbal (committee member)Cristiano Loss (committee member)Shahria Alam (committee member)University of Northern British Columbia Natural Resources & Environmental Studies (Degree granting institution)
Master of Science (MSc)
Natural Resources & Environmental Studies
1 online resource (xi, 129 pages)
Cross-laminated Timber (CLT) is increasingly being used in tall buildings. However, there are some challenges when designing high-rise CLT structures, amongst them the need for novel hold-downs (HD), for shear walls. While commonly used HDs behave as a dissipative connection, the current Canadian Standard for Engineering Design in Wood recommends designing HDs as a non-dissipative connection. As hyperelastic material, an elastomer (rubber) is capable to carry high loads without inelastic deformation. This thesis presents experimental studies at material- and component-levels using a hyperelastic rubber HD solution for CLT walls. A total of 53 quasi-static monotonic and cyclic tests were performed. The HDs exhibited high strength and deformation capacity without any residual deformation after unloading. The shape factor and loaded area of rubber layers were found as the main effective factors on the rubber HD’s response, and an empirical load-displacement relation was also developed based on these parameters.
Laminated wood.Laminated wood construction.Laminated wood--Testing.Tall buildings.Elastomers--Testing.