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Innovative strategies for the utilization of biomass ash.
Adrian James (author)Steve Helle (Thesis advisor)Ron Thring (Thesis advisor)University of Northern British Columbia (Degree granting institution)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Natural Resources & Environmental Studies
Number of pages in document: 149
Bioenergy production using woody biomass is a fast developing application since this fuel source is considered to be carbon neutral. The harnessing of bioenergy from these sources produces residue in the form of ash. As the demand for bioenergy production increases, ash and residue volumes will increase. Major concerns arising from the management of this byproduct include: storage availability, usage, product disposal and the implications of the presence of unburned carbon. This research studies various ash types, identifying specific fractions of technological, environmental and economic viability. Fractions of energy importance, inorganic distribution and catalytic properties of specific ash types are investigated. Ash from three systems were investigated, an industrial boiler, a fixed bed updraft gasifier and a wood pellet burner. Analyses of the boiler ash included particle fractionation, proximate and ultimate analysis, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and bulk density. Samples were separated into various fractions based on particle sizes. The fixed carbon in the as-received boiler ash samples was 30 and 50 % and the higher heating value (HHV) ranged from 5 - 25 MJ/kg of the different fractions. 68 % or more of the energy could be recovered in fractions ≥ 425 μm. High carbon ash was successfully gasified in a fluidized bed reactor at low temperatures and atmospheric pressure. The pH of the as received samples for the gasifier, boiler and pellet burner were 10.36, 12.49 and 13.46, respectively. Ni with a concentration of 229 mg/kg in the pellet burner ash, exceeded the maximum limit for soil amendments (in British Columbia, Canada) within the particle size fraction ≥ 850 μm but <2000. All samples were significantly enriched in both Ca (50-61 %) and K (10-26 %). Wood ash derived catalyst obtained from a gasifier and a wood pellet burner influenced gasification reactivity. The pellet burner ash was a more effective catalyst than the gasifier a
Biomass energy industries -- Waste disposal.Waste products -- Recycling.Ash disposal.