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Factors influencing habitat use by juvenile interior Fraser coho.
Kyla D. Warren (author)Mark Shrimpton (Thesis advisor)University of Northern British Columbia (Degree granting institution)
Master of Science (MSc)
Number of pages in document: 90
The influence of physical and biological factors on juvenile interior Fraser coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch) habitat use was examined within the Horsefly River watershed using three approaches. Otolith microchemistry was used to assess potential movement of juveniles throughout the watershed. This analysis showed evidence of an average of 3.5 movements to different habitats within the Horsefly watershed during the juvenile lifestage. It was not possible to track the location and timing of most of those migrations, but some appear to be the result of a movement into small tributaries in late summer and winter. A microhabitat model was used to determine physical characteristics of habitats where juvenile coho were captured. Low velocity, small stream width, a greater proportion of gravel as substrate, and high instream and overhead cover were strongly related to the distribution of juvenile coho within the streams examined. A behavioural study in an artificial stream channel assessed the type of interactions that occur among juvenile coho. Juvenile interior Fraser coho exhibited little evidence of territoriality, contrasting with published reports of highly territorial juvenile coho behavior in coastal systems. The lack of territoriality of the interior Fraser coho studies, their frequent migrations, and their strong association with cover, all suggest interior Fraser coho exhibit different habitat use patterns than coho in coastal streams. The difference in habitat use and requirements may influence the effectiveness of current management strategies, many of which are based solely on criteria from coastal coho research studies. --P. ii.
Coho salmon -- Habitat -- British Columbia -- Horsefly River Watershed.Coho salmon -- Behavior -- British Columbia -- Horsefly River Watershed.Coho salmon -- British Columbia -- Horsefly River Watershed.