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Quantum tunnelling of a molecule with a single bound state.
Jeremy J. Kavka (author)Mark Shegelski (Thesis advisor)University of Northern British Columbia (Degree granting institution)
Master of Science (MSc)
Number of pages in document: 133
We investigate, in one spatial dimension, the quantum mechanical tunnelling of a diatomic, homogeneous molecule with a single bound state incident upon an external barrier. Both time-independent and time-dependent tunnelling are investigated, using analytical and numerical methods. In the time-independent case, we first derive a formal solution for the molecule's wave function. Then, using the method of variable reflection and transmission amplitudes, we find that the probabilities of reflection and transmission in the bound state decrease with decreased binding strength, while the probabilities of refection and transmission in an unbound state increase with decreased binding energy. In the time-dependent case, we consider a molecule with discrete unbound states. The molecular wave function is modeled as a Gaussian wave packet, and its propagation is calculated numerically using Crank-Nicholson integration. It is found that, in addition to reflecting and transmitting, the molecule may also straddle the potential barrier in an unbound state.
Tunneling (Physics)Diatomic molecules.