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A security architecture for IPv6 enabled wireless medical sensor networks.
M. Abdul Alim (author)Liang Chen (Thesis advisor)University of Northern British Columbia (Degree granting institution)
Master of Science (MSc)
Number of pages in document: 105
We present the design of an IPv6 enabled wireless sensor network based on the IEEE 802.15.4 standard for medical monitoring. We design a routing mechanism for efficient flooding, a hop-by-hop error recovery and congestion control mechanism for reliable packet delivery and a lightweight security architecture for the medical monitoring system. We extend the widely used Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) to employ the Generalized Pre-shared Key (GPSK) authentication method with some optimizations for securing the system. We use the 3-party EAP model with the Personal Area Network Coordinator (PAN coordinator) of IEEE 802.15.4 standard as the EAP authenticator for authenticating sensor nodes within the radio range of the PAN coordinator. In order to use EAP authentication for a sensor node several hops away from the PAN coordinator, we define a new role (relay authenticator) for its coordinator which tunnels EAP messages to the PAN coordinator securely. We define EAP message encapsulation for IEEE 802.15.4 networks and a key hierarchy for the security architecture. We have simulated the system and shown that EAP based authentication is feasible in wireless sensor networks.
Sensor networks -- Security measures.Wireless communication systems -- Security measures.Computer networks -- Security measures.