This paper examines the implementation and Challenges of Nigerian Educational Policy in Rural Grade 1-12 Public Schools. As education is the bedrock of development, Nigeria kicked off the first indigenous national policy on education in 1977, it was modified in 1981, reviewed in 1999 and the fourth edition of the policy was made available in 2004. All these efforts were aimed at improving the quality of education in Nigeria. Unfortunately, Nigerian educational policy is ridden with extensive challenges that continue to hamper effective implementation. There is acute scarcity of infrastructure and facilities at all levels. The key parameters included in the Nigerian educational policy such as school library, a health scheme and educational resource centers are predominantly missing in the rural schools. More than a few schools lack qualified special teachers to handle different subjects in the curriculum. Successful implementation of the Nigerian educational policy is largely dependent on the government... .