Early childhood caries (ECC) in Canadian First Nations (FN) children is at disproportionately high levels compared to the national average. Current literature suggests a paradigm shift in approach to the causes and management of ECC can significantly decrease these levels. The purpose of this paper is to critically analyze the question 'For Canadian First Nations children, ages 0-4, could the introduction of primary disease prevention and self management reduce levels of ECC compared with the present model of care?'
The Kootenay Boundary (KB) region has a high incidence of pertussis compared to other areas in the province of British Columbia (BC), and NPs [nurse practitioners] can be effective agents of change to reduce this incidence. The focus of this project is to critically examine and provide a guide to NPs working in primary care on the following question: what is the role of the NP in primary health care in increasing the immunization rates of adult dTap and subsequently decreasing pertussis morbidity in the KB population?
For postmenopausal women osteoporosis and fracture are a major threat to functional independence and quality of life that has the potential to precipitate the end of life. Calcium, vitamin D and exercise have been shown to increase bone density, reduce falls and prevent fractures. Studies have shown that personal knowledge of bone density has a positive influence on treatment interventions in postmenopausal women yet studies considering the personal knowledge of bone mineral density (BMD) testing on osteoporosis preventative behaviours (OPBs) are less clear. This paper evaluated the influence of education and knowing person knowledge of BMD testing on calcium intake and exercise of young postmenopausal women between the ages of 50-65 years of age. --P. 2.